Today’s post will outline in detail my 15 year plan to financial independence. I’m aiming for moFIRE, which is > $200k cash flow per year!
Now that we’ve got a basic understanding of how to define one’s financial situation, it’s finally time to lay out my plan to achieve financial independence within the next 15 years. I’ve been dragging my heels on this, because until we got our draft taxes last week, I really didn’t have a great picture of how much income the Darwinian Dr-ess (aka wife) and I actually brought home last year.
With these figures in hand, I’ve put in some serious spreadsheet time and have mapped out a plan to financial independence. I realize that the numbers here are quite large. This is a result of good fortune, high income, and high cost of living. But it is important to realize that high income and financial independence are two very different concepts. Below, see my plan to go from just a good paycheck to morbidly obese FIRE within 15 years.
This plan is based on a few important concepts, assumptions, and numbers. We can debate the nuances of the basic assumptions in later posts.
- Basic assumptions
- 8% average rate of return of investments
- 4% average rate of inflation
- Projected costs and expenditures (our “spending”)
- In 2019: $254,000 (recurring expenses)
- In 2034: $428,043 (inflation adjusted number from 2019)
- Financial independence number (spending * 25)
- In 2019: $6,350,000 (that’s a lot of freaking money!)
- In 2034: $10,701,086 (that’s even more freaking money!)
- In 2019: $1,253,000
- In 2034: $10,765,864
- Between now and then
- Hold expenditures steady
- Max out retirement accounts
- Invest increasing amounts into our taxable and 529 accounts every year
- In 2034, Value of Investments > Financial independence number = FIRE
Why aren’t I using my net worth in the calculations? Please see this post for a discussion on the difference between net worth and investments.
And if you’re curious, see this post for a breakdown of how we spend our disposable income.
The success or failure of our 15 year plan to financial independence rests on 3 important necessities:
Hold expenses steady
With a detailed budget of our recurring expenses, I can project our 2019 expenses with fair accuracy. These are all the things that, barring some big life changes to our employment, house, or health, will routinely come out of our bank account each month. It doesn’t include big variable things like vacations and home repairs, but does include things like private school tuition, childcare, and the financial support I give my parents each month. All together, our current spending is just over $21,000 a month.
While this level of spending may seem incredibly wasteful to some, it’s the way that the Dr-ess and I have decided to live our lives for now. If we continue on this amount of spending in retirement, we’d be living a moFIRE (morbidly obese financial independence, retire early) lifestyle. On the other hand, if we keep on increasing our expenses even further, we will never reach FIRE.
So the first basic pillar of our FI plan is to keep our expenses as similar as possible to our 2109 projections. If we do end up with a surplus at any point, it can either be spent or saved, but cannot be spent in a way that commits us to higher recurring costs. In another words, our plan allows for a vacation, but doesn’t allow for us to finance another expensive car or move to a more expensive house.
These projections take into account an inflation rate of 4%, which as you can see above, is by itself responsible for a huge increase in the FI number over 15 years time.
Are you curious why the red line dips so significantly in 2031? That’s when I should finally pay off my student loans. Getting rid of that $2100/month loan payment drops our FI number by $52,500.
Max out retirement accounts
The Darwinian Dr-ess and I are very lucky. She works at a nonprofit institution in an administrative capacity that gives her access to both a 403b and a 457b plans, which in 2019 will allow for a total of $38,000 of pre-tax contribution. These are both “deferred contribution” plans that are similar to each other, except the 457 plan doesn’t have a 10% early withdrawal penalty if funds are withdrawn before the age of 59 ½ . The 403b plan is the nonprofit version of a 401k. She gets a match on the 403b that should add another $12k to that account in 2019.
Last year, I was able to max out my 401k plan. If all goes well in 2019, I’ll become a “partner” in my medical group. This will allow me to also start contributing to a “Keogh,” which is a type of tax deferred pension plan. Therefore, in 2019, I’ll likely be able to stash away around $37,000. This should rise to $56,000 in 2020 and beyond.
Between all of our retirement accounts, we should be able to put away around $86,000 in 2019 and $106,000 in 2020, with the vast majority of that being pre-tax income.
To cap it all off, we theoretically should both have access to pensions if we persist in our jobs for the next 10 years. Although rare, some employers, particularly government entities, still offer pensions. Pension payouts depend on the financial stability of the pension plans, which are famously underfunded in many organizations. So for the time being, I’m not going to include the pensions in our projections.
Invest increasing amounts into our taxable and 529 accounts every year
To get to our FI number of $10,765,864 in 15 years, we will have to also aggressively save a lot of our take home income every month. My 15 year plan calls for post-tax savings of about $5000 a month in 2019, $5500 a month in 2020, $6000 a month in 2021, and so on. Sticking to this plan will take discipline and won’t be possible if we continually expand our spending.
I am choosing to include our 529 accounts as part of our “investments”. This is controversial, because there are limitations on what 529 accounts can be utilized for without incurring a penalty. More specifically, if they are spent on anything other than educational activities, you’ll pay income tax and at least a 10% penalty on the earnings! But given the way the Dr-ess and I are approaching education now, we almost certainly are going to need to money. If it’s not in the 529 plan, it would come out of our other investments. So I’m going to lump it all together here. Since we don’t want to overfund a restricted investment vehicle such as this, we will keep this contribution to $1000 a month for both children.
Contribution of various elements to our portfolio in 15 years
I found this chart super interesting. This projects how much each pillar of our investing will contribute to our FI number in 15 years. While the future growth of our current taxable investments is important to achieving our goal of moFIRE in 2034, the biggest share of our investments by far will be from our retirement accounts. The second biggest contributor will be the growth of our future savings, which should kick off in earnest in 2019.
The $2000 a month going into our 529 accounts is a comparatively tiny portion of this pie, and should total about $725,000 in 2034.
So there it is. I’ve found the process of creating this plan incredibly beneficial. It’s given me a goal and proven to me that high expenditures doesn’t necessarily mean that you can’t ever achieve FIRE. It just means that you have to have high earnings and savings rates to match.
I fully intend to beat this projection and achieve moFIRE faster than 15 years, primarily by diversifying my income streams with rental real estate. As that starts to happen, I’ll adjust my projections on an annual basis.
A special note on taxes: astute readers will note that I’m not accounting for taxes in retirement. This is a good criticism. A 15% income tax rate, for example, might add 3 years onto the tail end of this plan. At this point, I’m not sophisticated enough to project this forward, so I’m just going to leave it out. As my investments evolve into a combination of taxable and tax sheltered buckets, I should be able to factor this into future projections.
So what do you think of my plan for financial independence? Comment below!
- Golden Handcuffs: Why I can’t quit my day job (for now)
- The Darwinian Doctor’s 13 Monthly Expenditures (with real numbers)
- What is moFIRE (morbidly obese FIRE) and why do I want it?
- How to calculate your net worth and savings rate